30th Social Research Conference November 21-22, 2013
Signs of corruption and the damage it causes are painfully evident in political and corporate life everywhere. At this public conference, policymakers, historians, lawyers, and scholars discussed the many systems undermined by corruption and the transparency and accountability protocols that could serve to reduce corruption, if not eliminate it.
The keynote address was delivered by Peter Eigen, Founder and Chair of Transparency International and Honorary Professor of Political Science at the Freie Universität in Berlin.
Conference speakers included James Jacobs, Michael Johnston, Sheila Krumholz, Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Susan Rose-Ackerman, Bo Rothstein, Alan Ryan, Debra Satz, and Richard White.
To order the related issue of Social Research: An International Quarterly
DAY 1, Thursday, November 21, 2013
Session 1: Keynote Address
“International Corruption: Organized Civil Society for Better Global Governance" Peter Eigen, Founder and Chair of the Advisory Council, Transparency International; Honorary Professor of Political Science, Freie Universität, Berlin
Moderator: Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Professor of International Affairs, The New School for Public Engagement
DAY 2, Friday, November 22, 2013
Session 2: Understanding Corruption—Social and Historical Dimensions
The Development of the Concept of Transparency Alan Ryan, Professor of Politics, Princeton University Corruption and Social Trust: Why the Fish Rots from the Head Down Bo Rothstein, August Rohss Professor in Political Science, Göteborg University
Corruption and Markets: Philosophical Dimensions Debra Satz, Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of Ethics in Society and Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University Moderator: Mark W. Frazier, Professor of Politics, Co-academic Director of the India China Institute, The New School
Session 3: Corrupt Systems—Government, Labor, and Markets
What Counts as Corruption? Richard White, Margaret Byrne Professor of American History, Stanford University Is Labor Union Corruption Special? James Jacobs, Chief Justice Warren E. Burger Professor of Constitutional Law and the Courts, Director of the Center for Research in Crime and Justice, New York University School of Law The Economic Roots of Government Corruption Susan Rose-Ackerman, Henry R. Luce Professor of Jurisprudence (Law and Political Science), Yale University Moderator: Michael Cohen, Professor of International Affairs, Director of the Julian Studley Graduate Program in International Affairs, The New School
Session 4: Possibilities For Reform
Money and Politics Sheila Krumholz, Executive Director, Center for Responsive Politics
Becoming Denmark: Historical Designs of Corruption Control Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor of Democracy Studies, Hertie School of Governance More Than Necessary, Less Than Sufficient: How Democratization and Development Shape Corruption Control Michael Johnston, Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science, Colgate University Moderator: Terra Lawson-Remer, Assistant Professor of International Affairs at the The New School; Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations
BIOGRAPHIES Speakers, Panelists, and Moderators
Peter Eigen is a lawyer by training. He has worked in economic development for 25 years, mainly as a World Bank manager of programs in Africa and Latin America; from 1988 to 1991, he was the director of the Regional Mission for Eastern Africa of the World Bank. Under Ford Foundation sponsorship, he provided legal and technical assistance to the governments of Botswana and Namibia. In 1993, Eigen founded Transparency International (TI), a civil society organization promoting transparency and accountability in international development. He served as chair of TI from 1993 to 2005 and is now chair of the Advisory Council. In 2005, Eigen chaired the International Advisory Group of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI); from 2006 to 2011, he served as chair of EITI. Eigen has taught law and political science at the universities of Frankfurt, the John F. Kennedy School of Government/Harvard, SAIS/Johns Hopkins, and the College of Europe. Since 2002, he has been Honorary Professor of Political Science at the Freie Universität, Berlin. Eigen received an honorary doctorate from the Open University, UK, in 2000; the Readers Digest Award "European of the Year" in 2004; and the Gustav Heinemann Award in 2007. Eigen is a member of the board of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), an organization providing environmental legal services. Since 2007, Eigen has been a member of Kofi Annan's Africa Progress Panel (APP).
James B. Jacobs is the Warren E. Burger Professor of Law and director of the Center for Research in Crime and Justice. He received a 2012 Guggenheim fellowship in recognition and support of his research on jurisprudential and policy issues related to criminal records. Jacobs holds a JD ('73) and a PhD in Sociology ('75) from the University of Chicago. His doctoral dissertation, Stateville: The Penitentiary in Mass Society (1977), a classic in penology, is still assigned in classrooms around the country. In 1982, Jacobs moved from Cornell Law School to New York University School of Law, where he was appointed professor of law and director of the Center for Research in Crime and Justice. He teaches first-year criminal law and upper-level electives on criminal procedure, federal criminal law, and juvenile justice. He also leads specialized seminars on such subjects as privatization of criminal justice, jurisprudence of criminal records, labor racketeering, gun control, sentencing, corruption control, prisoners' rights, victims and criminal procedure, and the war on drugs. Jacobs is the convenor of the monthly Hoffinger Criminal Justice Forum, which brings together academics from diverse disciplines, criminal justice policymakers, researchers, prosecutors, defense lawyers, and journalists with the law school's criminal law faculty for public lectures and discussions of key criminal justice issues. Jacobs has published 15 books and more than 100 articles on such topics as prisons and imprisonment, drunk driving, corruption and its control, hate crime, gun control, organized crime, and criminal records. His most recent book is Breaking the Devil's Pact: The Battle to Free the Teamsters from the Mob (2011), a case study of the 22-year-long civil RICO litigation seeking to purge the Teamsters Union of organized crime's influence and exploitation.
Michael Johnston is the Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York. He teaches American and comparative politics, development, democratization, and civil society issues, and his research specialization is the study of corruption and reform. His books include Public-Sector Corruption (London: Sage UK, 2010) and Syndromes of Corruption (Cambridge University Press, 2005), which was awarded the 2009 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, presented by the University of Louisville. The book has appeared in Romanian, Arabic, and simplified Chinese language editions. Johnston is a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow and was a member of the School of Social Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, from 2002 to 2003. Sheila Krumholz is the executive director of the Center for Responsive Politics. She serves as the organization's chief administrator, liaison to its board and major funders, and primary spokesperson. Krumholz became executive director in 2006 after serving for eight years as the center's research director, supervising data analysis for OpenSecrets.org and the center's clients. She first joined the center in 1989, serving as assistant editor of the first edition of Open Secrets, the center's flagship publication. In 2010, Fast Company magazine named Krumholz to its Most Influential Women in Technology list. Krumholz has a degree in international relations and political science from the University of Minnesota. Alina Mungiu-Pippidi has taught democratization and policy analysis at the Hertie School of Governance since 2007. She studied political science at Harvard University after completing a PhD in Social Psychology in 1995 at the University of Iasi in Romania. She chairs the European Research Centre for Anti-Corruption and State Building Research and co-directs the EU FP7 five-year research project ANTICORRP. Mungiu-Pippidi serves as an advisor on combating corruption to the European Commission DG Home; she has served as a consultant to organizations including the UNDP, Freedom House, NORAD, DFID, and the World Bank. Mungiu-Pippidi has been a visiting scholar at Harvard, Stanford, the European University Institute, St. Antony's College of Oxford University, and other institutions. In 1996, she founded Romanian Academic Society, a think tank that has played an important role in promoting good governance in Romania and inspired and advised many civil society anticorruption coalitions in other countries. Mungiu-Pippidi's research interests include Europeanization, state building, institutional transformation, and the development of modern governance. Susan Rose-Ackerman is the Henry R. Luce Professor of Jurisprudence (Law and Political Science), with a joint appointment at Yale Law School and the Yale Department of Political Science. She has taught and written widely on corruption, law and development, administrative law, law and regulatory policy, the nonprofit sector, and federalism. Her recent books are Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences and Reform, which has been translated into 13 languages, and From Elections to Democracy: Building Accountable Government in Hungary and Poland. Rose-Ackerman has been a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and at Collegium Budapest, where she co-directs a project called Honesty and Trust in Post-Socialist Societies. She has also been a visiting research scholar at the World Bank. Rose-Ackerman has a BA from Wellesley College and a PhD in Economics from Yale University and has received Guggenheim and Fulbright fellowships. Bo Rothstein holds the August Röhss Chair in Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, which was established in 1901 by a donation from the Röhss family. Previous holders of this chair include Rudolf Kjellen, Jörgen Westerståhl, and Bo Särlvik. Rothstein received a PhD in Political Science from Lund University in 1986. From 1986 to 1993, he served as assistant professor and, in 1992, as associate professor (docent) at the Department of Government at Uppsala University. In 1993, he became a professor at the Swedish Institute for Working Life Research in Stockholm; he assumed his current position in 1994. Rothstein has been a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation, Cornell University, Harvard University, Collegium Budapest Institute for Advanced Study, University of Bergen, Aalborg University, the Swedish Centre for Advanced Study, Australian National University, and University of Washington in Seattle. He served as a visiting professor in the Department of Government at Harvard University in 2006 and is currently head of the department's Quality of Government Institute. In 2003, the Swedish Science Council appointed him to a six-year term as leading scholar. In 2009, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation awarded him a five-year grant as the sole social scientist in their new Wallenberg Scholars program, which supports leading scholars in Sweden. His main publications in English are Just Institutions Matter: The Moral and Political Logic of the Universal Welfare and Social Traps and the Problem of Trust, both with Cambridge University Press. His new book, The Quality of Government: The Political Logic of Corruption, Inequality and Social Trust, was published by the University of Chicago Press in 2011. In 2002, Rothstein received an award for his efforts in defense of academic freedom from the Swedish Association of University Teachers. Alan Ryan is a professor of politics and the acting director of the Values and Public Life program at the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University. He has written biographies of John Stuart Mill, Bertrand Russell, and John Dewey. He previously served as warden of New College and as a professor of politics at the University of Oxford. Ryan is a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books, London Review of Books, and Times Literary Supplement. Debra Satz is Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of Ethics in Society and Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University. In her research, she has focused on the ethical limits of markets, the place of equality in political philosophy, theories of rational choice, democratic theory, feminist philosophy, and international justice. Satz's work has appeared in Philosophy & Public Affairs, Ethics, Journal of Philosophy, and World Bank Economic Review. Satz is a professor of philosophy and political science. She has directed Stanford's Ethics in Society Program for a decade and became director of the Stanford Center on Ethics in 2008. She is affiliated with several other interdisciplinary programs, including Public Policy, the Center for Social Innovation at the Graduate School of Business, the Haas Center for Public Service, the Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity, the Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality, and the Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources. She teaches courses in ethics, social and political philosophy, and philosophy of the social sciences. Satz is known for her inspiring teaching and her leadership of the Program in Ethics and Society; she received the Walter J. Gore Award for Excellence in Teaching, Stanford’s highest-level teaching award, in 2004. She also co-founded and teaches in the Hope House Scholars Program, in which incarcerated women and volunteer faculty examine personal experience in the context of ethics, moral philosophy, and social justice. Satz is now the senior associate dean for the Humanities and the Arts at Stanford University. Richard White is Margaret Byrne Professor of American History at Stanford University. He is widely regarded as one of the nation’s leading scholars in three related fields: the American West, Native American history, and environmental history. White came to Stanford in 1998. He is the author of five books, including The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires and Republic in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815, a finalist for the 1992 Pulitzer Prize. He has received a number of honors, including a MacArthur Foundation fellowship. White's research focuses on the American Northwest, including Canada, and on social, environmental, and cultural cross-currents. White's first book, Land Use, Environment, and Social Change in a Western County, Island County, Washington, 1790-1940, was one of the first small-scale studies of ecological change produced by an environmental historian. White is also the principal investigator for Shaping the West, a project within the Spatial History Project. This project explores the construction of space by transcontinental railroads in North America during the late 19th century, a key theme in his forthcoming book, Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America (Norton, 2011).